In General

Adult learning involves adults learning either in formal, informal, way. There may be reasons why they left their education in the first place. Now they are willing to acquire knowledge and skills. 69.1

The Art & Science of Adult learning was proposed by Malcolm Knowles, who is known as “The father of Andragogy.”67.3

Malcolm Knowles, believed the adult learner as someone who showed these five qualities:

  • Has the will to direct his/her own learning.94.3
  • Has stored a pool of life knowledge that is a rich source for learning.95.9
  • Has learning needs closely related to changing social roles.56.7
  • Has problem solving technics & interested in fast use of knowledge. 52.8
  • Is interested to learn by internal rather than subject oriented. 35.9

Similarly, he assumed certain principles to work on for active learning.41.8

  • Involvement: Adults need to be fully involved in planning and evaluation of learning instructions. 29.4
  • Experience: adults must utilize their past experience including their mistakes to provide themselves the base of learning activities.28.7
  • Interest level: adults must show their interest towards the subjects, having immediate relevance to their job or personal life.31.7
  • Problem oriented: adults need to realize that this learning will help them cater their problems in a better way so they should be motivated to center their problems through this learning rather than being worried for the content.43.5

The most common reason for adults for putting themselves in learning environment is a life-changing event, but it is very important to keep on mind all those factors that affect the learning experience. Some of the factors are. 53.9

  • Life experience and Events. 54.7
  • Work Experience. 35.6
  • Thinking Pattern. 35.6
  • Past learning experiences, good/bad . 66.4
  • Thinking Skills. 77.9
  • Time period between learning link. 49.4
  • Aging Factors.35.6


Apart from being away from education, adults not only come back to it but also find themselves helped by useful resources. 52.5


As a result, adults back after a long break get to have the following major benefits. 63.6

  • Career benefits: Wherever they work armed with learning, helps them, get their aims. 87.9
  • Confidence: Gaining self-respect and a sense of joy, feeling positive on their triumphs are also skills of learning. 52.2
  • Independence: The sense of carrying out tasks independently as well as taking decisions is all due to this learning process. 46.9
  • Personal development: Learning is self-improvement. In other words learning in adulthood adds more qualities to their talents and skills. 36.8
  • Self-direction: Education helps bringing meaning and purpose to life. This way of learning gives adults a sense of self-worth and direction. 55.1

To summarize the Art and Science of Adult Learning is helping them refine their views to remain stable in their careers. This idea of Art and Science of Adult Learning is mainly inclined towards social change along with a meaningful creation of positivity and strength of an individual. 50.2


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